Antique map of Beijing circa 1888. This map represents the capital as Sun Lutang would have known it as a young man. While these sorts of maps lack modern scale, they often convey important social information about the shape and makeup of a community.
Introduction: Sun Lutang at the Crossroads of Modernity
In the first section of our special series on Sun Lutang we presented an outline of the life and career of a key figure in Chinese martial studies. Sun has made many contributions to the traditional martial arts community. He is responsible for innovations as diverse as the use of photography in training manuals, the popularization of the term Neijia (or internal) as a descriptive category, the pronounced emphasis on health and philosophy in the Chinese martial arts, and the creation of his own style of Taiji. His ideas have been incredibly important. For better or worse…
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