Baguazhang’s Basics and Single Palm Change


Baguazhang, one of the most intricate and profound Chinese martial arts, is a study in balance, fluidity, and the ancient philosophy of Yin and Yang. This blog post aims to shed light on the foundational aspects of Baguazhang, focusing on its basics and the Single Palm Change technique.

General Overview of Baguazhang

Baguazhang training is a holistic approach that emphasizes unity in stillness and movement, one yin and one yang, and simultaneous stillness and movement. The footwork is designed to be flat and even, with the inside foot stepping straight and the outside foot stepping at an angle. For beginners, it’s crucial to maintain a small and even stepping distance to avoid body inconsistencies.

The primary focus of internal cultivation is on Qi (life energy). When Qi is harmonized, the body’s meridians become smooth, and the practitioner gains agility in hands and feet. The art of Baguazhang is not just about physical prowess; it’s a spiritual journey that involves the cultivation of Qi through specific breathing techniques and legwork.

Training Methods for the Beginning Posture

The beginning posture serves as the foundation for all subsequent techniques in Baguazhang. It involves a specific alignment of the hands and feet, along with a focus on Qi flow. The posture is designed to enable quick changes and fluid movements, emphasizing three aspects of emptiness: empty palms, empty soles of the feet, and an empty mind.

Body and Hands in Baguazhang

The art of Baguazhang is characterized by circular movements, drawing inspiration from the dragon, monkey, and eagle. The system includes seventy-two hidden leg techniques and is proficient in infinite variations and changes. The art emphasizes both horizontal and vertical power, ensuring that the practitioner is well-rounded and versatile.

The Philosophy Behind Baguazhang

Baguazhang is deeply rooted in Chinese philosophy, particularly the Book of Changes (I Ching). The art incorporates the principles of Taiji and Bagua, emphasizing the importance of balance and harmony in movement. It also involves the practice of Qi extension and contraction, which is the control of energy flow within the body.

Single Palm Change Technique

The Single Palm Change is a fundamental technique in Baguazhang that encapsulates the essence of the art. It involves a series of intricate steps and hand movements, all designed to flow seamlessly into one another. The technique incorporates the principles of the Five Elements (Wood, Fire, Earth, Metal, Water), and its mysteries are deeply embedded within these movements.

Steps for Single Palm Change

  1. Initial Position: Start with a T-step, placing the weight of the whole body on the foot in the T-step.
  2. Hand Position: The front hand should be rounded, with the elbow pointing outward.
  3. Inhale and Draw Hips: Draw the hips back and inhale deeply.
  4. Rear Hand Position: Bring the rear hand to the ear, with the little finger pointing upward.
  5. Twist and Release: Twist the front hand to release the hidden power, following it through with both hands inward.
  6. Final Position: Follow the circle and let both hands fall together.


Baguazhang is not just a martial art; it’s a way of life that incorporates ancient Chinese philosophy and the deep understanding of Qi. The Single Palm Change is a microcosm of what Baguazhang represents, encapsulating its complexity and depth. Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced martial artist, understanding the basics and the Single Palm Change can open doors to deeper realms of this fascinating art.

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